Research on the Impact of Menopause in the Workplace
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Research on the Impact of Menopause in the Workplace

Menopause is a significant life phase for women, typically occurring between the ages of 45 and 55, and it can have profound effects on various aspects of life, including professional engagements. As more women choose to remain in the workforce during their menopausal years, understanding and addressing the challenges they face at work is becoming increasingly important. This narrative evidence review by Nicola Dennis and Gemma Hobson delves into the effectiveness of workplace programs designed to support women experiencing menopausal symptoms and identifies gaps that drive future research.

Understanding the Scope of the Problem

Menopause can lead to a range of symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, fatigue, and sleep difficulties, which can significantly impact work performance and capability. Despite this, interventions specifically aimed at improving work ability in menopausal women are scant and largely unexplored. This review highlights the pressing need for workplace interventions that are not only supportive but also improve the work ability and overall well-being of menopausal women.

Reviewing the Evidence

The review analyzed twelve studies from different regions, including the UK, continental Europe, and South America. These studies highlighted several key areas:

  • Work Ability: No intervention reported significant improvement in work ability measures. This is a crucial finding as it underscores the lack of effective interventions that directly enhance the productivity and professional capacity of menopausal women.
  • Symptom Management: Several interventions successfully improved women's well-being and their ability to manage symptoms, suggesting that while direct work ability might not be enhanced, secondary benefits that could indirectly affect work performance are evident.
  • Mental Wellbeing and Empowerment: Interventions that included elements of mental health support showed positive impacts on empowerment and mental wellbeing, indicating the importance of addressing psychological aspects alongside physical symptoms.
  • Openness in the Workplace: Some studies noted increased openness and discussion about menopause at work, highlighting the cultural shift towards recognizing menopause as a significant workplace issue.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite the potential benefits, the review also brings to light the challenges in implementing these interventions, including the need for more robust and high-quality evaluations. Employers play a crucial role in facilitating these interventions and must be equipped with the right tools and knowledge to support their staff effectively.

Future Directions

This review makes it clear that more research is needed to develop and refine interventions that not only support menopausal women but also enhance their work ability. Employers are encouraged to take proactive steps in creating a supportive workplace environment that acknowledges and accommodates the unique needs of menopausal women. This can include flexible work arrangements, providing education about menopause to all employees, and integrating menopause strategies into broader workplace wellness programs.


The impact of menopause in the workplace is a growing concern as the demographic of working women ages. While this review offers valuable insights into the current state of interventions, it also underscores a significant gap in our understanding and support of menopausal women at work. By fostering an inclusive and supportive work environment, businesses can not only improve the well-being of their employees but also enhance their own productivity and retention rates. The way forward involves a concerted effort from researchers, healthcare providers, and employers to develop and implement strategies that are both supportive and effective in addressing the multifaceted challenges of menopause in the workplace.

  • Working well: Mitigating the impact of menopause in the workplace - A narrative evidence review; Maturitas, 2023
1.Understanding the Scope of the Problem
2.Reviewing the Evidence
3.Challenges and Opportunities
4.Future Directions